What is PRP and Why Does it Work?
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is a revolutionary treatment that has been hyped by celebrities, media, and the medical world. PRP has been credited with healing and treating everything from bad joints to wrinkles to hair loss.
PRP therapy has been in use since the 1980’s for healing injuries to muscles, tendons, and ligaments. In the 1990s practitioners began using it for facial and plastic surgery. It has proven effective in several different applications such as wound healing, scar revision, tissue regeneration, and skin rejuvenation.
Often when something sounds too good to be true, it is. But not in this case. The reputation PRP is well deserved. The National Institutes of Health website cites several articles from peer-reviewed medical journals on the successful outcomes of PRP Facelift procedures in several studies. Not only does it work, but it is organic and all natural. So what is Platelet Rich Plasma and how does it work?
Vial of PRP after centifuging.
What is Platelet Rich Plasma?
PRP is a biological product that is found in blood obtained from the patient’s own body. A patient’s blood is collected and centrifuged until it separates into layers: platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and red blood cells. The PRP is essentially an increased concentration of autologous platelets suspended in a small amount of plasma. The PRP is harvested and red blood cells are discarded.
Use your own blood in the form of platelet-rich plasma to help encourage your own body’s healing to regenerate healthy tissues
How Does it Work?
The aging of human skin results from a combination in the gradual decline of cellular function over time (general aging) and the cumulative damage of environmental factors such as smoking, Ultraviolet exposure, and exposure to chemicals. These exposures and the passage of time cause degrading of the skin collagen and loss of elasticity This can cause impairment to the structural integrity of the skin resulting in wrinkles and reduce the skin’s ability to recover from damage.
Platelets are primarily responsible for stopping bleeding. In the event of a vascular trauma, platelets are activated causing them to release factors that promote coagulation. Platelets also contain an abundance of cytokines, proteins, growth factors, chemokines, and fibrins that can affect inflammation, angiogenesis, and cell proliferation. In simple terms, the other function of the platelets is to chemically tell the body to activate all the healing mechanisms even when there is no actual injury. Through this mechanism, PRP can stimulate human dermal fibroblast proliferation and increase type I collagen depositions, as well as stimulating new blood vessel formation and adipose tissue formation.
When PRP is injected, or when combined with microneedling (as with the Vampire Facial®), the body recognizes the microinjection sites as wounds that require healing. The platelets release factors that recruit and increase the proliferation of collagen and reparative cells. In addition, the platelets release fibrin, which is the key ingredient of the cellular matrix on which collagen grows. Essentially, PRP stimulates the growth of collagen.
What are the Risks?
Because the PRP is harvested from the patient’s own body, there is no risk of rejection, communicable disease, or allergic reaction. However, anytime a needle is placed in the body, there is the risk of infection, bleeding, and nerve damage. PRP treatments should only be administered by licensed, trained professionals.
To learn more about the advantages of PRP and how they can benefit you, please call us at 301-698-2400 or use the form below to schedule a consultation.